The first humans were physical oriented and had to cope with physical work in the daily life to survive. In the following many thousand years, humans have developed and adapted heart and cardiovascular system, lungs, muscles and digestive system to the daily demands, which has been physical activity followed by periods of rest and recharging. Thus, the health benefits were developed during all generations and today health benefits in marathon training makes it even more effective. There are unusual benefits in marathon training for health.
Our human history
Thus, throughout our history, we have been active in many parts of the day. When we were engaged in farm work, our life was associated with significant physical efforts or when we were hunters and followed the trail to the prey for weeks, we used our endurance. In the last more than 100 years, we have not been forced to be physical active in the same way.
Mechanization of agriculture, industry and high-tech solutions has taken over most of the physical work, and the part of workplaces with sedentary work is dramatically increased.
The Un-healthy Crane Operator
Imagine a crane operator in an industrial harbor, where the big container ships comes in. He sits in his ergonomic crane seat up there in the crane all day doing a great job, by lifting containers up from the ships. He uses an electronic joystick with his fingers to move around with hundreds of tons goods. When he takes his car home after work, he might feel tired and immobile because of the sedentary and linearly work during the day.
His body has been adapted to sedentary work. In the morning, it will be placed in the car seat to the job, then in the crane seat, then in the car seat home again and afterwards probably after being filled with a big meal, spend most of the evening in front of the Flat screen TV in the sofa or in front of the PC.
Since the body by nature adapts to the circumstances it would probably say something like, “you do not use me in a fair way. So, I am not capable to start the engine and support you with more than low energy, limited movements and I will also store all the excess energy from the food you eat as fat to later use”. Over time, his body will not support him with more than just to survive the daily routines and there is a lot of fat stored around it. His health begins to weaken.
Health in Today’s Lifestyle
The cars and the public transport help us to be less physical active. The technological revolution with computers, Internet, social Medias, flat screens and cell phones also made our free time more sedentary. Our development as humans has not prepared us for challenges of this kind, since our body is designed and built to daily physical activity.Physical inactivity is unnatural and gives us various problems and diseases.
Our food habits and in particular the working life’s more sedentary character, is considered as the main cause to what we call lifestyle diseases. In contrast to many other diseases, lifestyle diseases are characterized by that we as individuals on the most practical way, is made accountable for our own choices and decisions.
World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition of health from about 1940 says:” Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and function, and not merely absence of disease and infirmity.”
We could say, the WHO’s health definition builds on the concept that health must be secured before the disease begins. In other words, prevention becomes central in the fight for health. From this, we get a better understanding about why running in general has been such a success through the western world over the years.
Inadequate dietary habits and lack of movement, means that health has been strongly affected by lifestyle diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases. When running in general has gained so much popularity today, it is particular because it is an easily accessible form of exercise, which includes the physiological requirements to prevention of lifestyle diseases.
From Obesity to Health Benefits
Often is the motivation for running a need to lose weight. Today a fat body is often a sign of laziness, lack of moral and moderation. In our modern world, the predominantly majority have so many resources and so much knowledge available particular on the Internet. Therefore, the common perception become that obesity alone is an expression of lack of discipline and willpower.
Thus, there are more and more demands for moderation, prevention and proper control over the body. This development among other things culminates in fat tables, pedometers and activity watches, which calculates how many calories you have com busted when you walk or run.
TV programs where we follow groups of “heavy” persons compete during many different physical exercises, where they can prove their discipline and willpower to possibly win the competition.
The most important thing we can do to prevent lifestyle diseases and obtain better health, is to make a decision to do something about it. Optionally join a running club where the main purpose is to having fun while running or just walk. Marathon training can benefit almost every part of your body and it is incredibly effective to making you healthier in many ways.
Health & Stress
Stress is another important health factor. Stress is a state of mental tension and worry because the adaptation responses exceeds. If you in a longer period have been unable to fulfill the expectations from yourself or others in the environment as your workplace, family or friends, you can be stressed. Stress is often referred to as the modern disease because more and more people today suffer from stress to a greater or lesser degree.
We also develop stress programs such as mindfulness to prevent this kind of mental overloads. Stress should be taken seriously, because it can lead to both mental illness such as depression, anxiety and various forms of abuse but also physical diseases as raised blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and blood clots, which ultimately could lead to shorter lifetime. Stress interrupts the body’s energy balance.
The good news are that physical, emotional and mental energies are common about biochemical activities. They interact with each other. Therefore, physical training like running automatically leads to improvements in the emotional and mental state. We could say Stress is a state not a disease. When you run, you break the stress state. In that way, long distance running works very preventive to stress, which therefore also can be positive…
If we make a simplification, a runner in good shape goes through three different stages when he runs: The primary physical exertion, when he think of getting started trigger a state of stress and tension. Maybe he experiences a degree of unwillingness before the first feeling of well-being occur, because he has to break his comfort zone.
After running for a while follows a Relaxing mental peace, where the thoughts flow freely and the body find a regular rhythm. After about 40 minutes, he goes in to a light meditative state.
Health Benefits – In Marathon Training
The largest physical health benefits In Marathon Training are the huge improvements of the heart, cardiovascular system and lung functions. As runner, you also get time with yourself and the opportunity to direct your focus in some other directions than your daily (stress) routines. To start a marathon training program could do and incredible difference in many peoples everyday life.
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